Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors Inheritance Wills

Who Pays Inheritance Tax?

Will you pay inheritance tax on your estate?

The answer is, only if your estate is valued over the inheritance tax thresholds.

The current thresholds vary depending on the circumstances of an individual. For example, if you are single with an estate over £325K (the nil rate band), your estate will pay inheritance tax at 40% on any of your assets over that amount. 

Secondly, if you are cohabiting and you own your property as joint tenants, the survivor may have to pay 10% of any inheritance tax if this is due on the property.

If the deceased cohabitant owned the property as a tenant in common, (this means a divisible share), their estate will have to pay inheritance tax if the assets are over £325K if they do not have children and over £500,000 if they do.  That is because if you own a property and you leave it to your children, the government gives you an extra £175,000 tax free.  This is called the residential nil rate band.

If you are married with children, you can pass £1,000,000 to your children tax free.  This comprises of the tax free entitlement of £325,000 of the first one to die and the additional £175,000 which can be transferred to reduce the inheritance tax liability on the survivor’s estate on their death.  

Trust Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors for All Your Estate Planning Needs

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors has assisted many clients with their estate planning needs for over a decade. Our team knows that you are likely visiting our offices at a difficult time in your life. That’s why we provide a relaxed environment where you can comfortably tell us about your needs with peace of mind knowing that you will receive sound, expert legal advice.  Many clients ask for ‘Solicitors near me’.  We are located at Winnersh Triangle, Wokingham, RG41 5TP.  We can also do home visits for Will instructions however there is a charge.

Contact us today so that we can help.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

Do I Need to Update My Will Every Year?

Do I Need to Update My Will Every Year?

Making a Will is no easy feat. It can be overwhelming as well as mentally and emotionally draining. You have to confront the mortality of your own life but also choose who will handle finances and personal matters after you’re gone – making this decision can feel stressful at times for many people.

However, once completed you Will likely feel an incredible sense of peace from knowing your wishes are set in stone should anything happen. However, it’s important to update your Will periodically to reflect important changes in your life, your finances, your property, or your family.

How often do you need to make changes to your Will? Does it need to be updated annually?

The answer isn’t as simple as a yes or no. You can’t simply look at the date on the Will and know when the next revision is due. Many factors influence how frequently a Will needs to be updated — and we’re going to look at a few to help you determine when you should update yours.

Updating Your Will

You should review your Will at least every 5 years and sooner if there are any major changes to your assets or family. Update any significant changes that have happened in life. Ideally, you want to report your changes immediately, but sometimes that is not always possible. So it is best to set up a reminder to check your will every few years if 5 seems too long of a wait.

What Life Changes Require a Will Update?

There are changes that can happen in life that warrant a change to your existing Will. Here are a few of the most common ones.

  1. The birth of a child.  Your children should be added to your Will as substitute beneficiaries if your present Will does not mention them. If they are under 18 years old, we advise that you appoint guardians to look after them on your death.
  2. There is a divorce. In many situations, people do not make changes to their Will until after the divorce is final. Don’t wait. Do it as soon as possible. Changing the Will before the divorce excludes the spouse inheriting especially if you die before the divorce is made final.
  3. Your beneficiaries develop problems. You may choose to change the beneficiaries if you have one in your will who has developed an addiction or credit problem. You may want to make sure funds are distributed correctly and to your best discretion. 
  4. Your named Executor or beneficiary passes before you do. If anyone named in your Will passes away before you do, you will need to update your Will to remove them and replace them with someone else. 
  5. New legislation has passed. Sometimes the laws change.  Review your Will every 3 to 5 years to ensure that it reflects any changes in the law.
  6. You inherit. If you’ve inherited some money, received a substantial amount of money from a family member or friend, or perhaps an inheritance, your Will will need to be updated depending on if you plan to leave some of this money to a beneficiary or even a charity. 
  7. You bought property. If you buy property, that is an asset, and your Will needs to accurately instruct the executor what to do with it. 
  8. You moved to another country. If you move to another country and own property there.  You should have a Will in a country in which you own a property.
  9. You can’t find your original Will. If you’ve misplaced your original Will, it is best to create a new one and revoke the old one. Photocopies or your originals can be proved if you can’t find the original but the process is expensive and time consuming.  It is better to use the opportunity to update your Will.

It’s No Secret That You Need a Will

To ensure your estate is taken care of promptly, a Will or a Trust is the best course of action. Your loved ones will be able to handle your last wishes with ease when they are outlined clearly and tax preparations are accounted for.
Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors are at the ready with an experienced and considerate team to assist you with your estate planning needs. Contact us for more information about writing your Will, as well as your other legal needs for probate, lasting powers of attorney, equity release, and settlement agreements.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

What Should You Never Put In Your Will?

probate lawyer

When making your Will, things such as how you want your assets distributed after you die, naming a guardian for your children, and choosing an executor of your estate are core elements to include. But did you also know that there are things that you cannot put in your will?

Writing a Will is one of the most important and worthwhile things you can do in your adult life. But, unfortunately, if you pass away without having a valid Will, your property will be divided according to the rules of intestacy, regardless of your intentions.

To avoid this, you must make sure that you have a legally binding Will that states your intentions in no uncertain terms. However, there are certain types of  property that you cannot put in your Will, and other items that you should think twice about including. 

Property That You Cannot include in Your Will

Certain types of property already have specific rules regarding what happens after an owner passes away. Due to these rules, you cannot include these types of property in your will.

Joint Tenancy Property

Joint tenancy property grants a right of survivorship to the joint tenant of the property automatically after one party passes away. When you pass away, your share of the property will automatically pass to the surviving joint tenant regardless of what your will states.

Property Included in a Trust You Created for the Benefit of Someone Else

Setting up a trust can be advantageous if a beneficiary is disadvantaged or vulnerable. When you set up a Trust, you need to identify the beneficiaries for the property included in the Trust. 

Joint Accounts

Since there is a second person listed on a joint account, such as a joint bank or savings account, you cannot include this type of account in your Will. Upon your death, the other owner of the account will automatically become the sole account holder and. take over said account.

Life Insurance Policies With a Beneficiary

The beneficiary you have nominated in your  life insurance policy will automatically receive the proceeds of your policy when you pass away. The only exception to this is if you have not made a nomination in which case the life insurance policy proceeds will pass under your estate.  This may increase any inheritance tax liability and result in more tax being paid which could have been avoided..

Benefits From a Pension

Your pension benefits Will pass according to the rules of your pension provider.  Please find out whether you are allowed to nominate a beneficiary so that it passes outside your estate and reduces any inheritance tax liability. 

A Business Partnership

If you are a partner in a business and you pass away, the surviving partner(s) may receive your share of the company depending on your Articles and Memorandum of Association if it is a Company. We will advise you as to what you need to do depending on what type of business.

Property You Don’t Own

You cannot gift property that you don’t own. It is not possible to gift any leased vehicles, property left to you only for your lifetime, or items subject to a hire purchase agreement.

Your Body

You cannot gift your body in your Will. However, the Human Tissues Act of 2004  allows you to leave your body or any part of it for therapeutic, educational, or research purposes, or anatomical examination.

Written and witnessed consent for anatomical examination must be given prior to death. Consent cannot be given by anyone else after your death. A consent form can be obtained from your local medical school and a copy should be kept with your Will. You should also inform your family, close friends, and GP that you wish to donate your body. 

Shares in a Company

In the articles of association or a shareholders’ agreement, some companies state that you cannot transfer your shares in the company before offering them to other shareholders. If this is the case, your shares may have to be sold and the money from the sale gifted instead of gifting the actual shares.

Gifts to Pets

Pets don’t have the capacity to own property and are not able to receive it if you leave it to them in your Will. Instead of gifting property or funds to a pet, you may gift your pet to someone you trust and leave that person funds to pay for your pet’s care.

Your Funeral Arrangements

Before your estate can be settled and property in your Will released to your loved ones, your will needs to go through probate. Since funeral arrangements happen soon after you die, if you leave your funeral wishes in your Will, your loved ones may not see them in time.

It’s No Secret That You Need a Will

To ensure your estate is taken care of promptly, a Will is the best course of action. Your loved ones will be able to handle your last wishes with ease when they are outlined clearly and tax preparations are accounted for.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors are at the ready with an experienced and considerate team to assist you with your estate planning needs. Contact us for more information about writing your Will, as well as your other legal needs for Probate, Lasting Powers of Attorney, Equity release, and Settlement agreements.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

What Are The Different Types Of Will?

male lawyer

If the world going through a pandemic taught us anything, it is that tomorrow is never assured. No matter who we are or where we come from, we all want our legacy to be passed down, regardless of how big or small. 

A Will lets you decide what happens to your finances, property and possessions when you pass and gives you the peace of mind that those decisions are respected and adhered to.

Talking about death is still a taboo subject for many, but knowing how to draft a Will and making sure it is validis critically important regardless of how uncomfortable it may be to consider our own mortality. 

Choosing a solicitor and ensuring your Will is drafted by an expert is an important way you can guarantee your family, spouse and  even pets are looked after when you pass away.. 

This article will help you understand the most common types of Wills and how each works, so when it’s time for you to write one, you have the confidence and understanding that you are handling your estate properly.

Types Of Wills

Single Will

A single Will, aptly named, is the most common, as it is suitable for any person that wants to outline their wishes and how they want their assets distributed when they pass away. Single Wills are generally for those who have uncomplicated circumstances and estates.  

They can be used by single or divorced individuals.  Single Wills are also useful if you are married and have children from a previous relationship because this will help divide your estate between your current family, your children from both relationships and your former spouse.  A trust may be needed if there are special circumstances to consider for your children/family, more details below. .

Will trusts

There are many different types of Will trusts and they can be made for many different reasons. A trust can be made to benefit a child,  spouse or a person with special needs. 

Will trusts should be considered if you have children from a different marriage and you have remarried or are cohabiting with a new partner. 

Will trusts are not always straightforward but offer protections that other types of Wills do not. You may not know if a Will trust is the right type of Will for you so it is important to take legal advice from an experienced solicitor who can help with all the options. 

Mirror  Wills

Mirror  Wills  are normally used by married couples.  They usually appoint each other as Executors and give each other their estates and name their children if they have any as common beneficiaries.  Mirror Wills are normally straightforward, but you should always seek legal advice to ensure you consider all the options to protect your family when you pass.  

Regardless of which option is best for your needs, it is important that you create a legally binding Will for the sake of your loved ones and your peace of mind. 

Drafting a Will all on your own can be difficult which is why it is always recommended that you consult a solicitor to ensure that it reflects your current circumstances. 

Need help writing your Will?

Visiting a solicitor to draft a Will should be an easy and warm experience. At Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors, you can be assured to get that kind of treatment as soon as you walk through the door. Your wishes will be listened to as we give our expert advice during your time with us.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors are at the ready with an experienced legal team ready to assist you. Contact us for more information about writing your Will, as well as your other legal needs for Probate, Lasting Powers of Attorney, Equity Release, and Settlement Agreements.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

Which Type of Will is Right for Me?

Which Type of Will is Right for Me

Wills are legal documents that help spell out how you would like your affairs and assets handled and given out after you pass away. There are many types of Wills you can choose from and one may be better for you and your estate than another. 

Choosing the best options for you requires a bit of knowledge on what each type of Will covers. This article will take a look at a few of the most common types of Wills and Trusts in order to better prepare you for planning for your estate.

Understanding the Different Types of Wills

Let’s take a closer look at the differences between a simple Will and a Will Trust, and compare the benefits:

A Simple Will Versus a Will Trust

The most significant difference between a simple Will and a Will Trust is that a simple Will gives away all of your estate after you have passed away, while a Will Trust is used to protect your estate. Therefore, your Trustees will administer it for your beneficiaries until the Trust comes to an end or is wound up.  Having a simple Will or a Will Trust is a personal choice but both are normally used to protect your assets or loved ones.  

Trusts in Will Trusts are complex and take longer to finalise. Professional advice should be obtained before deciding whether this is the right vehicle for you.

Single Will

If you are single, do not have vulnerable beneficiaries and your circumstances are straight forward, a simple Single Will may be appropriate for you.

Mirror Will

A Mirror Will is a Will that mirrors its counterpart.  They are normally used by spouses but can also be used by siblings or people who live together. There are two Wills, one for each individual, each identical or similar with what they specify for end-of-life plans. Mirror Wills are designed for couples who have the same or similar wishes and who are usually the beneficiaries of each other’s Wills should the other person die.  The couples may be married or cohabitees.

A Mirror Will may not be appropriate if  you do not have the same end of life wishes as your partner. Keep in mind you can change your Will without the other party knowing at any time..

Advanced Decision or Living Will:

A Living Will is active when you are alive and invoked in case of a health emergency or accident. An Advanced Decision or Living Will is a legal document that specifies what medical treatments you want to opt in or out of if you are unable to make or communicate those decisions yourself. You can also choose if you want to be kept alive in the event of an accident, as well as other preferences for medical decisions like organ donation.  It will be attached to your Health and Welfare Lasting Power of Attorney.

A Will Trust

A Will Trust can be used in different scenarios.  It all depends on what you require.  For example, if you would like to protect your estate against possible care fees, this can be used to help.  A couple can use them to protect their estate for their children by giving a life interest to each other on the first death.  If the survivor needs care, the share of the first one to die is protected for the children.  

There are other Will Trusts , such as discretionary, property, and flexible trust, for example , which can be used to help you, so make sure to speak with your solicitor who will discuss the options that most suitable for you.. 

A Life interest Will or Discretionary Will Trust  can be used to cover complex marital and legal aspects of your estate, such as granting income or property to a second spouse during their lifetime, but then  the children all benefit equally on the death of the second spouse.. 

A Will Trust can also be used to fund education for your children and grandchildren, or simply provide for your loved ones that may be or become vulnerable. 

Your Will Is In Good Hands With Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

Drafting a Will  is always complex, as  most people don’t know how their circumstances will change over time, or their affairs are not straightforward or simple.  Make sure to contact an experienced solicitor to help you create a Will that will guarantee all your affairs are in order and leave you with the  reassurance that your wishes will be followed to the letter. 

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors has an excellent and knowledgeable staff who are ready to help assist you with your estate planning needs. We will help you plan for the future and solve any legal issues you may have with expertise, professionalism, compassion and kindness.

Call us today or make an appointment on our website for more information about assistance with your Will, as well as your other legal needs for Probate, Lasting Powers of Attorney, Equity Release, and Settlement Agreements.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

At What Point In My Life Should I Write A Will?

At What Point In My Life Should I Write A Will

A Will helps you divide your estate and other assets amongst whoever you choose when you pass away. There are a few factors you will want to consider when instructing a STEP qualified Solicitor to draft a Will. 

In this article, we will go over some of the details that will help you better understand when to do so. It is an important step in anyone’s life when they choose to plan for their estate and their family’s future — and ensuring that it is done when one is still mentally capable is critical.

Requirements For Making A Will

In order for your Will to be valid, you must make sure it meets the following criteria:

  • The person who is writing the Will must be at least 18 years old.
  • The Will instructions must be given without any pressure by anyone else.
  • You need to be of sound mind, which means that you must understand that you are making a Will and  that it will take effect on your death 
  • Your Will must be signed by the person making the will and two witnesses.
  • The two witnesses must also sign the Will in the presence of the person drafting the Will after that person has signed it.
  • As soon as the Will is signed and witnessed, it is valid.

Importance Of Having A Will

A Will isn’t just so you can divide up your material wealth when you die  —  it’s a way for you to have the peace of mind that your wishes are carried out on your death. No matter your age, unexpected and unfortunate events can occur, and having a Will can save you and your family time, stress and struggle in an already difficult time. 

Young people commonly believe they don’t need a Will because they are too young and have few possessions, however, what determines whether a person requires a Will is whether they have property or their particular family circumstances. 

Major life events should always trigger a new Will or an Update

A Will is especially important for those with considerable wealth or assets, those who are recently married or divorced, have had their own children or gained stepchildren, or any combination of major life events. For example if you have remarried, unless you change your Will in favour of your new spouse, your previous spouse could be the main beneficiary.

If you die without a Will, which is known as dying ‘intestate’,  your assets become much more difficult to distribute which may lead to family disputes.

Other important ways a Will can help 

Here is a list of some of the other ways a Will can be used to reflect your wishes and protect your loved ones in the event of your passing:

  • Funeral arrangements: some may think it morbid to think about this before old age, but injury and death can unfortunately happen anytime. Saving your family the need to argue what you “would have wanted” is something very important that a Will can specify for you. Specifics like whether you would prefer to be buried or cremated are important choices and are best clarified in writing.
  • If you have children, you are able to name their guardian in case anything happens to you if they are under 18 years old. This allows you to choose the best option for their wellbeing and care, rather than leaving it to chance or the state who might put them into care.
  • If you have a partner but are unmarried, keep in mind they are not entitled to anything from your estate unless you specifically state it in your Will. Writing a Will ensures your partner  receives what you wish them to have on your death.
  • Whatever you leave to your spouse or civil partner will be exempt from inheritance tax. The amount of inheritance tax that is charged to your estate depends on the size of your estate. Writing a Will allows you to get advice so that you can find out whether inheritance tax is an issue that you need to address.
  • You can name an Executor (or more than one if you would like) who will be in charge of carrying out your wishes after you pass. Choosing an Executor ahead of time makes sure you have a dedicated party that will handle the affairs of your estate when you pass.. 

Many more factors go into creating a Will. There is no definitive age to start drafting your Will, but having one in place when you are young — and updating it when major life events happen — helps ensure that you are securing your estate and that your loved ones will be cared for according to your wishes once you pass.

Ensure Your Future With Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

Visiting a solicitor, no matter what age, should be an easy and welcoming experience. At Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors, you can be assured to get that kind of treatment as soon as you walk through the door. Your wishes will be listened to as we give our expert advice during your visit.

Visit us online and book a meeting using our easy-to-use appointment calendar system. We offer many appointment times for your busy schedule. For empathy, understanding, professionalism and the expert care you are looking for, contact Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors today.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

How Does Tax Planning Come Into Effect When Writing a Will?

How Does Tax Planning Come Into Effect When Writing a Will

Are you considering writing a Will? Do you have children and want to ensure their care?  Do you have a business or assets that you wish to retain control of? We all want to leave our affairs in order so that our loved ones do not struggle to administer our estates while they are grieving. 

The concern is often where to begin when you decide to have a Will drafted for you.  What tax considerations there are? Who oversees the assets, receives them, pays taxes if the estate is taxable and distributes your estate?

If you die without a Will, your loved ones will not know your wishes. If your wishes are written down in a generic document, they can be disputed which could escalate to legal action. Family relationships may suffer as your loved ones are left trying to interpret what your intentions were. 

What Is A Will?

A Will is a legal document which gives away a person’s estate after they pass away. To legally create a Will, you must be 18 years of age. It states who will benefit from your estate when creating a Will, it is essential to recognise that one’s spouse does not automatically inherit everything.  In addition, unmarried partners are not legally recognised although they have a claim against the estate of the loved one that has died. 

Your Will needs to be protected and safely stored. Only the original Will is a legal document. A copy can be admitted by the Probate Registry but you have to follow certain rules which makes it complicated and expensive.

Components Of A Will

When you are ready to give instructions for your Will to be drafted, it is essential that you  understand the different elements that will make up the Will. Here are the four main features.

1. Executor

You will appoint an executor who will administer your estate when you pass away.

2. Beneficiaries

You choose who will benefit from your Will.   Your Will must identify who receives which assets as well as the method of distribution.  They can be outright or through a trust. 

3. Witness

Legally the final document needs to be witnessed by two people who are not the  beneficiaries. If a beneficiary is a witness, their gift under your Will will fail.

4. Updates

Do not make any amendments on the face of the Will because they will not be accepted by the Probate Registry.  Make an appointment with your Solicitor and let them know what changes you would like made. They will produce a new Will for you to sign and make sure that it is valid.

Tax Planning When Writing A Will

When writing a Will, it is essential to see a Solicitor so that they can advise you whether your estate will be subject to inheritance tax.  


Gifts given to your beneficiaries can be exempt from inheritance tax if you survive the gift by 7 years. Special 14 year rules apply in certain circumstances. Contact us for more information. 


Consulting with a tax consultant will ensure that you obtain the best advice as to what exemptions are available to you.


Establishing a trust when writing your Will can save potential taxes that may be due to the estate. With a trust, ownership transfer occurs while still retaining some level of control. Trusts are a great way to leave assets to children and grandchildren. 

Life Insurance and Pensions

Considerations when making a Will are life insurance and pensions.  Speak to your pension Advisor or Financial Advisor so that they make sure that you have nominated beneficiaries who will benefit so that they pass outside your estate. 


Donations to legitimate charities help to reduce the tax burden to your beneficiaries because they are exempt. 

What Is Inheritance Tax?

Inheritance taxes are paid if a person’s estate is over the threshold.

When writing a Will, you also need to consider the tax consequences of your estate at the date of your death.

The tax deadline in the UK is six months after the end of the month when the person died.

How To Plan For Inheritance Tax

Potential exemptions can occur for gifts in the previous seven years before a person dies. Different periods may require a calculation based on a sliding scale. 

Legal consultation can help determine if inheritance tax, capital gains taxes, or other taxes are due. Additionally, seek professional guidance on life insurance and pension funds. Donating to charity is free from inheritance tax in the UK as well as many other areas. 

Creating a Trust can help reduce or eliminate the burden of inheritance tax. The amount of tax due could be a fraction of the tax burden without a trust. 

It’s No Secret That You Need a Will

To ensure your estate is taken care of promptly, a Will or trust is the best course of action. Your loved ones will be able to handle your last wishes with ease when they are outlined clearly and tax preparations are accounted for.
Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors are at the ready with an excellent staff to assist you with your estate planning needs.  Contact us for more information about assistance with your will, as well as your other legal needs for probate, lasting powers of attorney, equity release, and settlement agreements.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

Appointing a Guardian for Your Children: What You Should Know

Appointing a Guardian for Your Children What You Should Know

If you have children, it’s important to appoint guardians in your Will. s

Our children are our top priority. We want to make sure they are cared for if something happens to us.. Who will act in their best interests? If your children are under 18, it’s imperative that you have a Will appointing a guardian to look after them.. 

You will need to consider who your children’s guardians will be and if they are able to care for your children. 

You also need to consider who would look after your children and make decisions on your behalf if you lose capacity, especially if you are the only parent with parental responsibility.

A guardian is someone who has legal responsibility for your children. They have all the rights, duties, powers, and authority that a parent has. 

If both parents are alive and they have parental responsibility, if one loses capacity the other will continue to look after the children.  If both parents, for example, were to lose  capacity in the same accident, who would look after the children?  The Local Authority would assess the situation.  They may approach the family if they are in England and Wales to see whether they can look after the children.

It is better to appoint a guardian in your Lasting Powers of Attorney so that your children can be looked after if you are alive but incapacited.   

If, unfortunately, both parents were to pass away, it is also vital to have appointed guardians in both your Wills.  

What Does A Guardian Do?

Essentially, a guardian is responsible for caring for your child until the age of 18. The guardian is responsible for the children’s health, wellbeing and education. 

Considering legal guardians is a significant decision as a parent. It requires balancing both emotional and rational choices. So how do you make the decision? 

Ideally, you should select guardians with similar values to yourself and your partner. 

Things to consider when choosing your children’s legal guardian:

  • What is the environment in their home? Is it stable? 
  • Are they currently involved in your children’s lives, or does the relationship need to be built? 
  • Do your children have special needs, and if so, does the potential guardian have experience or a fundamental understanding of what will be involved in the children’s care? 
  • Does the potential guardian want to care for your children long-term?
  • Where does the guardian live? Will the children need to be uprooted from their schools? 
  • Do the guardians have children of their own, or have they had experience raising children? Will your children and theirs get along?
  • Are they mentally capable of caring for your children?
  • Are they over 18?
  • If you are considering appointing your parents, are they in good enough health?

These are tough questions to ask but they are crucial in determining who would be the most appropriate guardian for your children. 

How Do You Appoint A Guardian In Your Lasting Power of Attorney and Your Will?

You will need a Health and Welfare Lasting Power of Attorney to appoint a guardian if you lose capacity during your lifetime.

You need a Will to appoint guardians for your children if you die. It is also a good idea to appoint alternatives in the event something unforeseen happens to your first choice.  It is crucial to review your Lasting Powers of Attorney and your Wills every three to five years to make sure your choices are still appropriate.. 

Sometimes, parents choose a couple to be guardians of the children, but legally they can choose up to four in England and Wales. 

What If You Don’t Appoint A Guardian?

If you lose capacity the Local Authority will step in to help your children.  Unfortunately, they may go into care while they assess the suitability of the family or friends that express an interest in looking after your children.

If you don’t appoint a guardian before you die, the courts will make decisions regarding the welfare of your children. 

If there is no surviving parent with parental responsibility, the interested relative will have to make an application to the  Court to be appointed as  a guardian.  Social services need to evaluate potential options and provide their findings to the Court. Considering guardian options can be a lengthy process.  In the meantime, the children might be put in care while waiting for a final decision from the Court.

Who Can Choose A Guardian?

In England and Wales, a person who has parental responsibility can appoint a guardian. The mother automatically has parental responsibility unless the Court has decided otherwise.

The father can obtain parental responsibility through the following ways:

  • Marrying the mother
  • Registered as the father on the birth certificate if the child was born after 12/1/2003
  • He and the mother file a parental responsibility agreement with the High Court in England and Wales
  • A Court Order gives him parental responsibility
  • He is appointed as the child’s guardian in the mother’s Will.
  • Adoption

We Can Help You Draft Lasting Powers of Attorney and a Will to Effectively Appoint Guardians For Your Children

To give you peace of mind, let us help protect your children while they are young.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors can help you create your will. Don’t wait — contact us today to get started.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

How to Talk to Your Family About What’s in Your Will

How to Talk to Your Family About What’s in Your Will

Conversations relating to Wills are often pushed to the side in favour of more uplifting and positive ones. No one wants to talk about what happens when they die.  Ensuring your family is prepared for your death is essential if you want to make sure your wishes are met. 

So, how do you talk to your family about what’s in your Will?

It may be  difficult for you to find the words to articulate how you want your wishes to be carried out. But to make sure that your family is prepared to hear your thoughts, you need a Will stating who will look after your estate and benefit from it as well. 

Preparing for these difficult conversations can be intensely challenging.  We are here to help. Here are some tips when approaching your family and loved ones to discuss what will be in your Will 

Why It Is Important to Talk About Your Will

Death is traumatic and ignoring the conversation now may leave your loved ones with a more complicated situation to deal with. 

It is much better to ensure that your loved ones know your wishes before you die.  This stops any arguments or ambiguity as to what your wishes were. 

Your Will Is Not Just About Money 

Contrary to popular belief, a Will contains more than just your wishes for what happens to your money and assets when you pass away.   It can make provision for family heirlooms or items of sentimental value to family and special friends which can’t happen without a Will.

A well drafted Will can protect your assets so that your children get at least half of your property if you’re married in the event that the surviving spouse requires care.

It may also protect a vulnerable beneficiary so their gift does not affect his receipt of benefits.  

Making Preparations

Before going into this conversation with your loved ones, (if you want to discuss it with them) you should be prepared. It’s encouraged to have notes prepared on the rough topics you want to address- do you want your funds to go to a charity, or do you want them to go to your grandchildren’s education? Establish the answers to these questions and more before opening this conversation with your family. 

Bringing Up Finances

Conversations about your finances are never easy, especially when you’re talking about your finances after you pass.  It is helpful to think about who has the legal responsibility for carrying out your instructions.  Choose someone you trust.

Do you only want to leave money to your children or do you want to leave aside money for future grandchildren you haven’t met yet? These are some of the points you might want to think about before instructing a Solicitor to draft your Will.

You should also consider important password information and how the executors of your will would access your finances if you are no longer around. For example, if you have cryptocurrency, your family will need access to your login information in order to administer your Estate

Changes to Your Will

Updating your Will  is essential to keep up with your changing circumstances.  The law changes as well from time to time therefore your Will should be reviewed to make sure that it is up to date.

Now is the Time to Write Your Will

Once you have decided what you would like in your Will such as who you would like to benefit the it is time to instruct us. . Our experienced lawyers at Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors know and understand the importance of having a Will and how to ring fence your estate against care fees so that your children get at least half of your estate.

Our modern office in Winnersh Triangle has facilities second to none.  We will look after you, make you a coffee or tea to make sure you are comfortable before taking your instructions.  We can also meet you at your own home (COVID rules permitting). Contact us today so that we can help have the right Will for your estate.

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors

What Is a Life Interest Will Trust?

What Is a Life Interest Will Trust

Death can come unexpectedly and without warning. With COVID-19 still ravaging the globe, the odds of an untimely demise are perhaps the highest we’ve ever known. It’s easy to see the prudence in laying out a plan for end-of-life affairs.

There’s a lot to consider. We want our family to be comfortable — with their lifestyle and future provided for. While it may seem like there’s little need to worry, it’s unfortunately easy for things to go awry.

So how do you ensure that your estate makes it to those you wish it to when you no longer have any control over the situation? The answer may lie in a life interest Will trust.

The Issues With Wills

What’s wrong with a simple Will? Well, nothing, but it does have its weaknesses.

One of the simplest and most common types of Will is a simple mirror Will. Under this arrangement, your entire estate transfers wholly to your spouse (or civil partner, or whoever you designate). Then, upon their passing, the estate is distributed to your children according to the terms in the Will. Your spouse, then, usually has a similar Will, where their estate would transfer to you, should they pass first.

There are a couple of risks with  this. First, your spouse can spend it. The surviving spouse might need care in a residential home or care home.  Care fees can rapidly consume the value of your estate. The government will step in eventually and begin to cover costs, but your children could end up with as little as £23,250 between them — no doubt a paltry sum compared to the value of your property!

The other risk to consider is rather uglier, but it happens. It’s called the “sideways disinheritance trap,” and it has to do with the fact that if your spouse remarries, they can draft a new will. . If the Wills you had were simple mirror Wills, and they die before their new spouse, your estate would pass to the new spouse and thereafter their children.  ,  Your children could end up with none of your estate. We’d like to think that people have kinder hearts than this, but it happens often enough to so many people, therefore you have to protect your own estate for your children. 

How a Life Interest Will Trust Is Different

This kind of Will is very important for you because you control who receives your estate and when. Your spouse receives what is called life interest, allowing them to continue living in the house while still having control over their share of its value. They could even sell the house and downsize if necessary.  The share of the first to die is always protected. 

Furthermore, under a life interest Will trust, your spouse is entitled to any income made from the property, whether that be from renting it out or investments if they are included in the trust.. This income can help cover the costs of a care facility should the surviving spouse’s health fail.

Ultimately, a life interest Will trust protects your estate from it ending up belonging to children who are not your own. 

The Downside to a Life Interest Will Trust

The most common issue with a life interest Will trust is resentment on the part of the new spouse who is prevented from giving the share of the estate of the first one to die to their own children who shouldn’t get it in any event. 

The law allows the surviving spouse to make a claim against the estate of the spouse who has died. It does not protect the estate of the spouse who died first. For example, Amanda and Brendon are married with three children. Amanda dies first and Brendon remarries Susan. The law says that Brendon has to provide for the spouse at the date of his death. Therefore, if he leaves a simple Will with Susan as his sole beneficiary, his children from the first marriage may get nothing unless she enters into a deed of variation giving some of her late husband’s estate to his children. 

The other alternative that Brendon has is to have a mutual Will with Susan where she agrees to give part of his estate to his children on her death. Brendon’s children probably have to take Susan’s estate to court if she doesn’t honour Brendon’s mutual Will. This is expensive and time consuming.

A life interest Will trust protects Amanda’s share of the estate that she had with Brendon. Susan wouldn’t be able to sell the property because there would be a restriction stopping her from doing so without the children’s consent. This gives them control of their inheritance. 

Having a Will In Place is Important

Elizabeth Middleton Solicitors offers the legal expertise you need to plan for the future and protect your assets. We understand that everyone’s circumstances are different and our friendly and approachable legal team works to develop Wills, lasting powers of attorney, and tax and estate planning suited to your unique needs.

Contact us today to learn how our services can help you and your family prepare for the future and protect your estate.